What's News 100
Welcome to the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority's news, keeping you up-to-date with what's happening in Kings Park and Bold Park. You may also be interested in the media section and like to subscribe to one of our newsletters.
Please note that these news items served a particular purpose at a particular time and may have been superseded. They may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. They may link or refer to web pages or documents that have moved.
We aim to alert the public to major closures and service interruptions where possible. At certain times it is necessary to close roads and facilities within Kings Park and Botanic Garden and Bold Park. Operational and maintenance activities can impact the status of roads, carparks, paths and services in the parks and closures will occur during certain weather conditions.
Current major notices will be listed below. There will be times where notices will only be available on location. Please observe all signage and instructions by traffic attendants.
Visitors can review current State roadworks via the Main Roads website to assist travel planning to and from the parks.
If you are planning an event, you will reduce the chance of service interruption or inconvenience by making a booking.
About Us 2
The Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority (BGPA or Authority) manages Kings Park and Botanic Garden and Bold Park in Perth, Western Australia. These are two of Perth's largest parks, incorporating the State's Botanic Garden and important urban bushland areas.
The Authority sits within the Western Australian State Government portfolio of the Minister for the Environment, who is responsible for the appointment of the BGPA Board of Management. The strategic direction of the Authority is largely dictated by the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority Act 1998 and Regulations 1999.
The Authority's vision is to create and provide world-recognised botanic gardens and parks and to inspire the conservation of biological diversity. Many staff and volunteers work enthusiastically to make both parks the inspiring places they are today.
The Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority publishes a range of information including books, brochures, scientific papers, strategic policy documents and annual reports.
Books published by the Authority are available for purchase from Aspects of Kings Park, along with a large range of books on topics including gardening, travel, cooking, art and design, natural and cultural history, Australian and children’s literature.
Brochures and maps
Brochures and maps exist on a range of topics. They can be obtained from Kings Park's Visitor Information Centre or Bold Park's Western Australian Ecology Centre. Many are freely available to download from this website.
Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority staff and students produce and contribute to an impressive amount of scientific publications each year, including book chapters, progress reports, conference proceedings and journal articles. The Science Directorate undertakes integrated and innovative research in native plant biology, underpinning conservation and ecological restoration of Western Australia's unique biodiversity, and biodiversity generally.
Plans and policies
Planning and policy documents such as the Strategic Plan and Management Plans assist in the planning of operational activities.
Periodically the Authority produces reports related to the management of Kings Park and Botanic Garden, and Bold Park. These are made available online below or by contacting the Customer Services Officer, as appropriate.
Your interest in employment opportunities at Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority is welcomed.
Applicants should read the Job Application Guidelines and the Job Description for each position. It is strongly recommended that you read this information as it will assist you in producing a correctly formatted job application. You may also be interested in our employment principles.
Application kits containing information found on this website can be obtained by phoning (+61 8) 9480 3613 (24 hour answering machine).
All current job vacancies will be posted to this page. Please contact the Employee Services Officer for further information.
The Botanic Gardens and Park Authority (BGPA) and its Board of Management manage Kings Park and Botanic Garden and Bold Park under the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority Act 1998 and associated Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority Regulations 1999.
The strategic direction of the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority is largely dictated by the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority Act 1998 and Regulations 1999. Policy documents such as the Strategic Plan and Management Plans assist in the ongoing care and maintenance of designated lands, Kings Park and Botanic Garden and Bold Park.
Kings Park and Botanic Garden, and Bold Park are iconic Perth landmarks steeped in history, culture and natural beauty. Managed by the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority, staff are committed to promoting appreciation and understanding of Western Australia’s unique biodiversity and motivating visitors to join with us in its conservation.
All forms of education by the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority are based on three simple 'take-home' messages:
- Kings Park and Bold Park are special places
- Western Australia has unique biodiversity
- You Can Do It! - a call to environmental action for ecological sustainability.
Kings Park Education provides hands-on, inquiry-based education programs for students from Kindergarten to Tertiary. Programs highlight the unique plants, people and places of Western Australia and the role we can all play in a sustainable future.
The Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority enjoys an international reputation in biodiversity conservation science, undertaking integrated research focused on practical outcomes in native plant biology, rare plant conservation and bushland restoration.
The Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority offers a variety of community education opportunities including free guided walks, school programs, public workshops, volunteer opportunities and interpretation through signage, public art and publications.
The Restoration Ecology team undertakes innovative research and operations to enhance and restore the conservation values of degraded lands including urban bushland remnants, agricultural and post-mine lands.
Recent research highlights include:
- Developing integrated weed management strategies.
- Developing topsoil handling and storage guidelines for the mining industry.
- Deriving completion criteria for 'best practise' bushland restoration and revegetation for the mining industry.
- Improved recovery of rare and threatened species.
- Understanding factors limiting species establishment, plant community processes and sustainability of restoration for urban bushland and the resources sector.
The Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority (BGPA) provides a unique 'one-stop shop' delivering practical research outcomes for the conservation and restoration of native species and ecosystems. BGPA has been involved in some of the most successful and pioneering translocation projects in the State and is a leading authority on environmental weed control in natural and degraded ecosystems.
Examples of successful projects include translocation of the Critically Endangered Corrigin Grevillea Grevillea scapigera, control of perennial Veld Grass Ehrharta calycina, Buffel Grass Cenchrus ciliaris control on Airlie Island, control of many bulbous species e.g., Freesia and Sparaxis, Bridal Creeper Asparagus asparagoides and Vulpia species.
A range of herbicides are trialled in the Kings Park and Bold Park bushlands, usually at much lower levels than the recommended rates, on several new or difficult to control weed species. Off-target damage is also assessed, usually by spraying a range of indigenous species in pot trials to test the efficacy. Recent findings include control of difficult bulbous/cormous species such as Allium triquertrum, Babiana and Ixia using 2,2-DPA or Propon.
Through dedicated conservation research, industry and the community can now achieve better biodiversity conservation outcomes, such as management of rare flora and the rehabilitation and restoration of native biodiversity.
The projects are largely supported by the Kings Park Volunteer Master Gardeners.
Please contact Dr Shane Turner with enquiries relating to Species Recovery.
The Seed Science team undertakes research into theoretical and applied aspects of seed biology, physiology, and ecology. This research aims to advance the underlying principles of seed biology and translate these into technologies for plant propagation, conservation, and landscape restoration. Seed science supports the Western Australian Seed Technology Centre which plays a vital role in conserving WA’s biodiversity through the long-term storage of seeds.
Research programs focus on seed collection, quality assessment and control, seed banking, seed germination and dormancy, and techniques for improving seed delivery and seedling establishment at restoration sites. The integration of these research areas is necessary to improve the use of native seeds in plant conservation and the restoration of degraded habitats. Seed ecological research aims to understand the role of seeds in shaping the establishment, reproduction, and persistence of plant species and communities.
Key research themes include:
Characterising seed storage behaviour and longevity, and developing storage protocols for effective seed banking.
Classifying seed dormancy types and developing reliable methods for seed germination.
Understanding the role and applications of smoke, and germination-active chemicals isolated from smoke, in seed germination ecology, restoration, horticulture, and agriculture.
Assessing seed persistence, germination, and dormancy traits in soil and canopy seed banks.
Developing the application of seed enhancements including seed priming, seed coating and pelleting, and seed delivery technologies to improve seedling establishment in broad-acre and minesite restoration.
The Conservation Genetics team conducts innovative genetics research underpinning the conservation and restoration of Western Australia’s unique biodiversity. This is achieved through the application of modern molecular techniques for research and practical outcomes in native plant conservation, species and plant community restoration, molecular ecology, native plant breeding and phylogenetics.
Key research themes include:
- Identification and management of genetic variation for off-site conservation and reintroductions of rare plant species.
- Genetic analysis underpinning efficient native plant breeding for horticulture.
- Genetic delineation of local provenance seed collection zones for bushland restoration.
- Providing taxonomic clarification and helping to best direct conservation resources.
- Detailed analysis of mating, dispersal and genetic erosion in fragmented populations.
The Conservation Biotechnology team are involved in a range of research programs with the aim of providing new, efficient and innovative ways to enhance in vitro propagation of Australian plants, provide critical micropropagation research for endangered plants and ultimately conserve endangered plants and specific plant taxa that are difficult or impossible to propagate by conventional methods.
The Propagation Science team conduct research critical to the success of off-site conservation and translocation of endangered plant species including, in vitro technology (tissue culture, micropropagation, somatic embryogenesis), cryostorage and mass production of plants for restoration/translocation projects.
Recent research highlights include:
- Improved in vitro propagation of new rare and threatened plant species;
- Using advanced tissue culture techniques to produce artificial seeds for restoration programs;
- Understanding and reducing abiotic stress in native plants for improved restoration;
- Improving the transfer of in vitro propagated plants to soil for restoration programs;
- Research on cryogenic methods for long-term storage of seeds and tissues of endangered plants.
Please contact Dr Eric Bunn with enquiries relating to conservation biotechnology.
The Ecosystem Ecology team investigates the landscape processes that influence the function and persistence of native ecosystems. Fire, drought, climate change, altered hydrological dynamics, weed invasion, fragmentation, urbanisation and altered fauna communities interact with plant traits in complex and powerful ways that can lead to change in the structure, composition, function and condition of ecosystems. Often these changes threaten the values that we attach to ecosystems. Our science aims to understand processes so that we can develop appropriate management responses that optimise conservation outcomes.
Please contact Dr Ben Miller with any enquiries relating to Ecosystem Ecology.
Ecosystem processes are the interactions between diverse ecological communities and the external and internal factors that drive dynamic processes within those communities. These interactions can be stabilising or disruptive, they can operate in synergistic or competitive, and diffuse or catastrophic ways. Their action can result in cyclical, chaotic, continuous or step-wise ecosystem change.
Global change processes – climate change, fragmentation, urbanisation, altered hydrological and fire regimes, failure of ecosystem function following from keystone species loss, soil degradation and the introduction of pest animal and plant species – further interact with these ecosystem processes, often to the detriment of the resilience and condition of ecosystems. Understanding how these processes function and interact leads to fascinating science but is also critical for the management of ecosystems for conservation, ecosystem services and risk abatement.
Key Research Areas
The Ecosystem Ecology team currently focuses on three main areas: fire ecology, tree decline and ecosystem change, and plant-animal (pollination, dispersal, herbivory) interactions. The team works in urban bushlands, less disturbed ‘intact’ vegetation, and restoration sites. It employs tools from community ecology, population ecology, fire science, population genetics, seed science and ecophysiology – and collaborates closely with other sections of Kings Park Science, as well as researchers at UWA, Murdoch University and the Department of Parks and Wildlife.
Key research themes include:
- Understanding processes of ecosystem change associated with changing climate, fire regimes and fauna species abundance.
- How we can predict, and respond to, the decline of tree species associated with drought and heatwaves.
- How plant life history and dispersal traits interact with fire season, frequency or intensity to influence species persistence and ecosystem change.
- How fire interacts with the spread and management of invasive species.
- How fire regimes can be managed to optimise fire risk in relation to human society and economy as well as the conservation of biodiversity.
- How altered fauna communities, resulting from defaunation and ecosystem fragmentation, lead to changes in ecosystem function and plant-animal interactions such as: bioturbation, decomposition, seed dispersal, granivory and seedling herbivory.
- How the attributes of fragmented vegetation patches (including restored areas) influence the activity of pollinator and dispersor species, and how this altered function effects seed production, viability, fitness and dispersal.
- Managing ecosystem change requires the integration of above and belowground hydrological processes at relevant scales. (2015 - 2018). Chief Investigators: Prof Erik Veneklaas (UWA), Gavan McGrath (UWA), Nik Callow (UWA), Allen Aitken (UWA) Jason Stevens (BGPA), Ben Miller (BGPA), Kingsley Dixon (Curtin) and AR Malcolm (Specterra). Industry partners: Australian Research Council, Specterra, BGPA.
- Fire Ecology research for management of fire risk in Kings Park and Bold Park (2014 - 2018). Investigators: Ben Miller. Industry partner: BGPA Bushlands.
- The evolution and conservation consequences of promiscuity in plants pollinated by vertebrates. (2014 - 2016). Chief Investigators: Stephen Hopper (UWA), Dr Siegy Krauss (BGPA), Ryan Phillips (ANU) and Dave Roberts (UWA/BGPA). Industry partner: Australian Research Council.
- Ecological and genetic connectivity in sea grasses: the role of sexual reproduction, dispersal and recruitment on meadow restoration. (2013 - 2016) Chief Investigators: Gary Kendrick (UWA), Siegy Krauss and Liz Sinclair (UWA/BGPA). Industry partner: Australian Research Council.
- The spatial energetics of pollination failure in habitat restoration. (2011 - 2016) Investigators: Sean Tomlinson (UWA/BGPA), Raphael Didham (UWA), Don Bradshaw (UWA) and Kingsley Dixon. Industry partner: Australian Research Council.
- Dispersal and persistence of large - seeded forest species under global environmental change. (2011 - 2014) Chief Investigators: Neal Enright (Murdoch), Siegy Krauss (BGPA), Ran Nathan (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Byron Lamont (Curtin) and Carole Elliot (Murdoch, BGPA). Industry partner: Australian Research Council.
- Managing evolutionary ecological process in restoring Banksia woodland resilient to global environmental changes. (2010 - 2015) Investigators: Siegy Krauss (BGPA) and Alison Ritchie (BGPA). Industry partners: Australian Research Council, Rocla Quarry Products.
- Dr Ben Miller
- Dr Jason Stevens
- Dr Carole Elliot
- Dr David Roberts
- Dr Miriam Muñoz-Rojas
- Dr Paul Nevill
- Dr Sean Tomlinson
- Ryan Tangney (PhD; Curtin 2015 - present) Does varying season and intensity of fire lead to different seed fates in wildfire and managed fire. Supervisors: Dr Ben Miller, Dr David Merritt, Prof Kingsley Dixon.
- Alison Ritchie (PhD; UWA 2010 - 2015) Patterns of mating and genetic diversity of restored Banksia woodland populations.
- Jessica Stingemore (PhD; UWA 2009 - 2015) Plant density effects on dispersal and genetic structure for two co-occurring Persoonia species.
- Anthea Challis (Hons; UWA 2014) Mortality patterns and physiological responses of the canopy tree, Banksia menziesii in relation to varying summer water availability in an urban remnant. Supervisors: Dr Ben Miller, Dr Jason Stevens, Dr Gavan McGrath.
- Russell Miller (Hons; UWA 2014) The impact of increasingly longer fire intervals on the persistence and seed quality of serotinous non-sprouting plants in the south west of Western Australia. Supervisors: Dr Ben Miller, Dr David Merritt.
The role of horticulture at the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority is to provide innovative techniques, systems and outcomes in propagation, cultivation and display in the garden beds and turf in Kings Park and Botanic Garden, and Bold Park.
At every level, staff aim to produce the highest quality appropriate for each situation. This is critical in maintaining the Western Australian Botanic Garden and assisting in the preservation and display of the State's incredible biological diversity. These horticulture techniques and systems are also used to produce and manage plants in bushland regeneration activities.
The specialist horticultural skills of Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority staff are crucial in propagating and providing plants of Declared Rare Flora to regeneration and translocation projects run by the Department of Parks and Wildlife. This is due to the limited amount of seed or cutting material from these extremely rare plants, that are often difficult to propagate and grow.
Staff and volunteers are committed to the introduction and appropriate use of native species in the wider urban environment of Perth and readily share their knowledge to assist in the creation and maintenance of native gardens.
This section provides detailed information on selected native species that are particularly relevant to the Perth community, including their distribution, flowering season, cultivation and propagation.
A new species is featured monthly, with a focus on plants that are flowering at the time. Notes are also provided on where to view the plant in Kings Park and Botanic Garden.
Plant development at Kings Park and Botanic Garden is undertaken to 'conserve, develop, manage and display collections of Western Australia and other flora' (as per the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority Act 1998).
The role of plant development at Kings Park and Botanic Garden is to:
- increase the range and form of Western Australian plants available for display in the botanic garden, home gardens and public landscapes
- to promote the use of plants in general horticulture and
- to raise the profile of Kings Park in the community.
Plant development activities have a long history at Kings Park and Botanic Garden. Several well-known plants sold in nurseries and grown in home gardens have originated at Kings Park. One of the best known is Callistemon 'Kings Park Special'. This is a seedling of unknown origin, first selected, propagated and registered by Kings Park and Botanic Garden in 1980. This cultivar grows into a small, bushy tree to 5 m and 4 m wide with bright red inflorescences in autumn and spring. This plant sets fertile seed but must be grown by cuttings to preserve its form.
Another well known plant is Pimelea ferruginea 'Magenta Mist', a darker flowering form of Pimelea ferruginea. It was selected from a wild coastal population near Northcliffe, WA. It is similar to the standard form of this species in all except the dark magenta flower colour.
With water restrictions having been in place in Perth since the summer of 2001, there is an increasing trend to incorporate native plants into garden beds. This is a trend that the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority supports, as it preserves fresh water supplies, celebrates our unique flora and provides resources for the fauna of Perth which manages to survive in urban areas.
The biggest misconception about Australian garden plants is that they have to be treated quite differently from plants from other continents. This idea results in two opposing beliefs - one being that they can be neglected, and the other being they have fussy needs that make them difficult to grow, especially when mixed with exotics. In reality, however, the same general horticultural rules apply to all ornamentals. Every plant, whatever its origins, grows better with a little care and attention, and some plants have slightly different requirements regarding soil and position.
The Backyard Botanicals Garden is a ‘grow-me-at-home’ garden in the Synergy Parkland which demonstrates how easy it is to grow Western Australian native plants. If you would like to create your own native garden or need advice on how to improve your existing one, browse the articles in this section, come along to a free Dig it with Coffee session or contact the Garden Advisory Service.
Kings Park and Botanic Garden celebrates the unique and diverse plant life of Western Australia and is part of the worldwide network of botanic gardens committed to plant conservation.
The original vision for Perth Park, later Kings Park, was of a European style garden with lawns, shady trees and flower beds. Recognition of the climatic differences and the low nutrient soil changed this vision. In 1965, the 17 hectare Western Australian Botanic Garden was opened; an everchanging, living research centre that focuses on the conservation of Western Australia's flora and displays some of the State's most diverse and spectacular plant groups.
Explore special areas of the Western Australian Botanic Garden with us as we celebrate its 50th anniversary in 2015. Look out for a new Anniversary Adventure each month.
Explore special areas of the Western Australian Botanic Garden with us as we celebrate its 50th anniversary in 2015. Look out for a new 'Anniversary Adventure' each month.
The Western Australian Botanic Garden is one of a kind. It belongs to a worldwide network of botanic gardens devoted to the scientific research, conservation and display of flora. It is located within Kings Park which is the most visited place in Western Australia.
Get involved and let your passion grow
Learn how you can support the vibrant and passionate community of dedicated staff, volunteers and visitors that care for our parks.
Become a corporate supporter or enter an employee partnership.
Come work with us. View current job opportunities with the Botanic Gardens and Park Authority.
Enjoy a school excursion in an outdoor classroom. Book with Kings Park Education; a leader in environmental education.
Book your next outdoor function with us. We have venues and facilities to cater for a wide range of functions including weddings, social and family groups, corporate functions, community groups and sporting events.
Visit us - join us for events such as the Kings Park Festival and Summer Events program.
Subscribe to our e-newsletter to keep up-to-date with what is happening in Kings Park and Bold Park.
Tell us what you think. All suggestions and comments are welcome to improve the experience of our visitors.
Audio transcripts are provided where possible to assist those visitors unable to listen to material offered in audio files. These transcripts are not to be considered exact copies of audio material. They should be treated as summaries of the information presented. Please contact us with any queries.
Getting to and around Kings Park and Botanic Garden is easy. Located in Kings Park, a short distance from Perth CBD, there are multiple entry points along main roads. Parking is free for visitors and public transport is readily available. Walks and tours are offered daily.
Free guided walks in Kings Park are led by Kings Park Volunteer Guides. They depart daily from Fraser Avenue, outside Aspects of Kings Park. The walks run every day throughout the year, except Christmas Day. Additional walks are available during the annual Kings Park Festival in September.
You can also take a guided walk with an Aboriginal guide on an Indigenous Heritage Tour to learn about the local Aboriginal people, their stories and their relationship with Kings Park.
For those with limited time, the City Sightseeing Bus runs tours through Kings Park and Botanic Garden, stopping at key areas within the park.
Cycling is also a great way to tour the park with bike racks provided at various locations. Bike hire is not available within the park, however we recommend visitors contact Tourism WA regarding hire options.
For many thousands of years, Aboriginal people have been visiting Kings Park, which was previously referred to as Mooro Katta or Kaarta Gar-up, two of the many names for what is now known as Mount Eliza in Kings Park. It remains an important ceremonial and cultural place for the Indigenous people of Western Australia. Read more about Aboriginal life...
Two years after the settlement of the Swan River Colony in 1829, most of the area now designated as Kings Park and Botanic Garden was set aside for 'public purposes' by Lieutenant Governor James Stirling and Surveyor General John Septimus Roe.
In 1872 Governor Frederick Weld and Surveyor General Malcolm Fraser formally gazetted 175 ha of the 1831 reserve as a Public Park. An additional area of land was added to the park in 1890, essentially bringing it up to its current size of 400.6 ha.
John Forrest became Premier of Western Australia in 1890 and development of the park commenced in 1892. The park was fenced with gates at either end of a newly constructed Perth Park Road. Different sections of the road have since been renamed Fraser Avenue, Forrest Drive and Poole Avenue.
Forrest named the land 'The Perth Park' in 1895. The name was changed in 1901 to 'Kings Park' to mark the accession of King Edward VII to the British throne.
You might like to download Firesticks to Fireworks from the brochures section of this website or purchase the book: A Joy Forever - The Story of Kings Park and Botanic Garden, available from Aspects of Kings Park.
Kings Park Education provides hands-on, inquiry-based education programs for students from Kindergarten to Tertiary. Self-guided excursions are also available.
Please contact the Education Bookings Officer to make a booking or for further information.
‘Thank you for providing my students with this real life learning experience which they miss because of the busyness of life’
Pre-primary teacher, Homes and Hideaways
Kings Park and Botanic Garden provides for various eating styles, from casual kiosk, to sit down cafe, to an award winning restaurant. Whichever option you choose, you can be guaranteed beautiful surroundings to make your meal an enjoyable event.
Visitors are welcome to use the free barbecues at the Pines Picnic Area, Synergy Parkland, Lotterywest Family Area or Saw Avenue Picnic Area or enjoy their own picnic on the manicured lawns. Please note that portable barbecues are not permitted due to safety reasons.
Kings Park and Botanic Garden is protected as an A class reserve. Please help us conserve our parkland and bushland areas by limiting rubbish and not feeding the wildlife. We encourage all visitors to take their rubbish home and recycle. Alternatively, rubbish bins are located in all barbecue areas and adjacent to food outlets within the busy, tourism precincts.
Group bookings are required to contact the Bookings Officer and conditions apply.
Hire Venues 36
With its views of the Swan River and Perth city, beautifully landscaped gardens and parkland lawns, Kings Park and Botanic Garden is a favourite for weddings, family functions, community events, memorial services, corporate functions and sport and fitness activities. Booking details vary according to the type of function you are having.
The Kings Park and Botanic Garden venues are listed below, and can be sorted for your convenience by a tagging system. By selecting the links in the 'tags' field below each venue you will be shown a list of venues that match that type, e.g. 'Weddings', 'Power'. You may also wish to use, 'Find Your Venue', a search tool designed to help you choose the perfect venue for your function or event.
Further details, including photographs, a location map and an indication of availability are available for each venue. Please contact the Bookings Officer if you require more information.
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Please go to: bgpa.wa.gov.au/naturescape
Kings Park and Botanic Garden enjoys the devotion of hundreds of enthusiastic and dedicated volunteers. Together they make Kings Park and Botanic Garden the iconic and inspiring place it is to Western Australians and visitors alike.
If you have a passion for native plants, conservation, local heritage, learning or meeting people, becoming a volunteer offers great satisfaction and rewards.
Contact the Volunteer Coordinator for further information.