Nyoongar Words and Definitions
For thousands of years Aboriginal people have been visiting Mooro Katta or Kaarta Gar-up, two of the many names for Mount Eliza, the highest point of Kings Park.
Nyoongar is the generic term for Indigenous people of the southwest of Western Australia. The area at the base of Kings Park, known as Goonininup, was an important ceremonial and dreaming area for Aboriginal males.
Did you know there are over 14 dialects through Nyoongar country or that many Perth suburbs are named after Nyoongar words? Balcatta, Gwelup, Innaloo, Karrinyup, Mundaring, Yanchep... just to name a few!
- (bal-gah) native grass tree, Xanthorrea preissii
- (baar-dee) witchetty grub
- (bee-du-wong) meeting place
- (beel-i-yar) traditional name for the Swan River
- (bib-ool) native Paperbark tree with many uses
- (bi-rok) Aboriginal season of the young in December and January
- (bi-di) trail
- (bu-dj-ah) the land
- Boodja Gnarning
- (bu-dj-ah nar-ning) food from the land
- (boi-er) Woolly Bush, Adenanthos sericeus
- (bu-noo-roo) Aboriginal season of the adolescence in February and March
- (chune-yart) twenty-eight parrot
- (cool-a-mons) bowl
- (ker-rob-o-ree) traditional dance
- Derbal Yargan
- (der-bul yeri-gun) Swan River
- (ji-run) Aboriginal season of adulthood in April and May
- (jil-bah) Aboriginal season of conception in August and September
- (jer-i-gee) Zamia, Macrozamia fraseri
- Djitti djitti
- (jitty-jitty) Willie wagtail, Rhipidura leucophrys
- (doe-whack) clubs
- Gija Jumulu
- (gi-dja joo-ma-loo) boab from the Gija people in the Kimberley region
- (gid-gee) spear points
- (goo-mahl) Common Brushtail Possum, Trichosurus vulpecula
- (gu-nin-in-up) fresh water spring at the base of Mt Eliza
- (jah-ruh) Eucalyptus marginata
- Kaarta Gar-up
- (car-tah-gaar-up) traditional name for the distinctive cliff/scarp around Kings Park
- Kaarta Koomba
- (car-tah-kum-bah) traditional name for Kings Park; Kaarta meaning hill or headland and Koomba meaning big
- (cam-bah-rang) Aboriginal season of birth in October and November
- (car-duh) Gould's Monitor Lizard, Varanus gouldii
- (ka-ree) Eucalyptus diversicolor
- (car-lah) fire, campfire
- (cad-itch) your knowledge
- (cut-a-gin) knowledge, traditional knowledge handed down from one generation to the next
- (k-each) spear
- (ker-bin) Coastal Sword Sedge, Lepidosperma gladiatum
- (cod-jah) traditional axe made from stone and wood
- Koora Koora
- (coo-rah) long time ago, the past
- (con-dill) native Sheoak tree, Allocasuarina fraseriana, good for making kylee (boomerangs).
- (coo-lah) Native Plum, Podocarpus drouyianus
- (koo-ya-mull-up) place of frogs and Men's area
- (cool-bar-dee) Magpie, Gymnorhina tibiceri
- (koo-lun-gah) children
- Kulunga Katitjin
- (koo-lun-gah kat-i-jin) children's learning
- (kwon-at) Black Wattle, Acacia saligna
- (keer-lee) boomerang
- Maarm (Maam)
- (maarm) man/men
- (ma-koo-roo) Aboriginal season of fertility in June and July
- (m-a-ree) the red gum, Medicine Tree, Corymbia calophylla
- (my-yat) red gum from the Marri tree, used to help cuts heal
- (mih-ro) spear thrower
- (my-yah, my-yah) traditional temporary huts
- (moo-nah) Rottnest Island Tea Tree, Melaleuca lanceolata
- Moora Katta
- (mur-ah-cart-ah) the place that we now know as Kings Park
- (mud-jah) Christmas Tree, Nuytsia floribunda
- (mun-gitch) Banksia, Torchlight tree
- (go-lark) White-tailed Black Cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus latirostris
- (nyoo-ngah) first people from south-west Western Australia
- (pool-gah-la) Bull Banksia (Banksia grandis)
- (tea -gull) duck *also Yeaderup
- (tew-art) native Eucalypt tree used for making tools and other implements
- (ill-a-rac) Sandalwood, Santalum spicatum
- Warrdong (Wardong)
- (wor-dong) crow, Australian Raven, Corvus coronoides
- Wadjuk Nyoongar
- (wod-juck, nyoong-ar) (also spelt Whadjuk) Nyoongar group from Perth and surrounding regions
- (waytch) emu
- (won-doo) Eucalyptus wandoo
- (won-dew) welcome
- Wanna borna
- (woh-nah bor-na) digging stick
- (wah-gool) rainbow serpent from the dreamtime
- Wonil (Wonnil)
- (wun-ill) Peppermint Tree, Agonis flexuosa, native to the Swan Coastal Plain
- (woo-unga) Wattle, Acacia
- (yee-der-up) duck *also Teagul
- Yonga (Yongar)
- (yon-gah) kangaroo
- Yonga Booka
- (yong-gah book-a) kangaroo skin cloak
- Yonga Waarnginy
- (yong-gah ) Kangaroo Story
- (yon-grah) kangaroos
- (yor-gah) woman
- (yor-grah) women
- Yorkas Nyinning
- (yor-kis nin-ing) place of rest for women
Discover the delights of the Western Australian Botanic Garden, walk among the treetops on the Lotterywest Federation Walkway, reflect at the State War Memorial, enjoy natural fun at Rio Tinto Naturescape Kings Park or play in the footprints of dinosaurs at May Drive Parkland.
We have more than beautiful parks and gardens. We also have leading scientists, horticultural experts and outstanding educators. We provide a great variety of learning opportunities for schools, tertiary students and volunteers. Learning comes naturally in Kings Park and Bold Park.
There is something for everyone and every season in Kings Park and Bold Park. Outdoor concerts, theatre and cinema are popular during warm weather while the Kings Park Festival is the place to be in spring. Visitors enjoy free guided walks, artist workshops and education programs all year round.
Kings Park and Bold Park provide unique opportunities to connect with nature in the heart of the city. Take a moment to breathe and relax in these tranquil surroundings, enjoy a guided walk through the Botanic Garden, get your hands dirty at Rio Tinto Naturescape Kings Park or take a quiet stroll through Bold Park bushland.
We want you and all our visitors to feel welcome and enjoy a visit to Kings Park and Bold Park. Whether you are planning a wedding, corporate function, sporting activity, community event or a large family gathering, we are here to help. You might be hosting friends, attending a concert or enjoying a meal. Take the time to organise your visit.
Kings Park and Bold Park are renowned for their spectacular views. Kings Park enjoys prime position on Mt Eliza overlooking Perth City and the Swan River, making it an ideal location for photography and weddings. Bold Park is a natural high point in the metropolitan area and provides stunning views of the Indian Ocean and surrounding suburbs.
The Western Australian Botanic Garden in Kings Park showcases over 3,000 varieties of the State’s unique flora, including many rare and threatened species. Visit the Backyard Botanicals Garden for easy, grow-me-at-home ideas to inspire your own native garden. Discover the natural beauty of Bold Park bushland, with a diverse range of flora, fauna and fungi.
Kings Park is where Western Australia’s memories are made with more memorials than any other park in Australia. Visitors can honour servicemen at the State War Memorial, journey down the Kokoda Track Walk and view thousands of dedications along the Honour Avenues. Discover the strong connection to Aboriginal culture and the role Kings Park plays in Perth’s social history.
Our parks belong to all of us and there are many ways you can provide support. Consider becoming a Kings Park or Bold Park volunteer with a variety of roles available to suit your interests. Sponsorships, bequests and proceeds from Aspects of Kings Park and native plant sales are greatly appreciated and maintain conservation efforts and visitor services.
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- Master Gardeners turn 20!
- 2016 - 2017 at a glance
- 2018 Horticultural Traineeships
- Audio transcript: Bill Kerns and Chris Olney on ABC 720 Perth radio
- Audio transcript: Jacqui Kennedy on ABC 720 Perth radio
- Kings Park Festival 2017 highlights
- Trainee horticulturists x 4
- Trainee Land Management
- October 2017
- September 2017
- Kings Park design award
- August 2017
- About the Festival
- July 2017
- WA flavoured Manuka honey
The Honour Avenues plaques database contains records of plaques that honour fallen service personnel killed during war service. They are located on May Drive, Lovekin Drive and Marri Walk in Kings Park. Plaques located elsewhere in Kings Park, such as along Fraser Avenue, are not included here.
The following tips and disclaimers aim to help you in navigating the database and getting the best search results.
Please be mindful that:
- The database represents current plaque information. Extensive research occurred at the time of each dedication. It may not correspond exactly with other sources presently available. Discrepancies will be highlighted and may be amended in due course.
- Plaque locations are subject to movement, generally to place relatives or 'brothers-in-arms' together. GPS locations are accurate within approximately 10m.
- Plaques are sometimes removed for maintenance purposes. Please contact the Honour Avenues Group if you cannot locate the plaque you are seeking.
- The database will be regularly updated over time and only records accessed via this website should be considered an accurate representation of the Kings Park Honour Avenue plaques.
To search for a person, enter text in the search field such as surname, first name, service number or plaque number. Search results are sorted by surname in alphabetical order. Searching by service number or plaque number will return exact match records only.
Additional search tools are available to narrow your search, including rank, unit and cause of death. Once you have narrowed your search, each listing provides further details including plaque image and location.
Google streetview provides the opportunity to view most plaques in situ.
To find your way to the plaque enter the origin address in the 'Get directions' field. Get directions from your current location by clicking on the red marker on the map to take you to Google Maps (location services must be enabled on your device).
The Kings Park Honour Avenues location map may also be useful in finding your way, noting that the map offers broad locations only that are subject to change.
- Plaque number
- A number issued by the Honour Avenues Group for maintenance purposes. The letters at the beginning indicate the location of the plaque; 'M' refers to May Drive, 'L' refers to Lovekin Drive and 'MW' refers to Marri Walk. An A or B after the number, e.g. L92A, indicates that two or more plaques are co-located at the same tree; this indicates that a relationship exists between the service personnel, either as a relative or 'brothers-in-arms'. A location marker symbol next to the plaque number indicates that a GPS location is available for the plaque; plaques that have been temporarily removed will not have a location marker.
- Last known rank of each person. The column may contain appointments and ranks depending on the information historically available. Abbreviations used by the Honour Avenues Group are expanded by tooltip and within individual records. Appointment is defined as a title, designation or name given to Army personnel to describe their position or function other than their rank, e.g. Appointment: CQMS (Company Quarter Master Sergeant); Rank: WO2 (Warrant Officer Class 2).
- Names of service personnel, provided in the format of 'Surname, First name (Also known as)'.
- Service number
- Known military service numbers for service personnel. Officers who do not have service numbers are simply tagged as 'Officer'.
- Last known unit of each person. Abbreviations used by the Honour Avenues Group are expanded by tooltip and within individual records.
- Cause of death
- Known cause of death is provided and follows these broad military definitions:
- Died of Illness (DOIL) - Died from an illness, other than physical injury or wounds, contracted while on war service.
- Died of Injuries (DOIN) - Died from physical injury, other than illness or battle wounds, sustained while on war service.
- Died of Wounds (DOW) - Died subsequently from the result of wounds received while in action with the enemy.
- Died as Prisoner of War (DPOW) - Died while held by the enemy in captivity.
- Killed in Action (KIA) - Killed while in direct action with the enemy.
- Killed on Service (KOS) - Killed while in an operational area but not in direct action with the enemy.
- Date of death
- Known date of death of service personnel.
- Place of death
- Known place of death of service personnel, where location names follow current country boundaries.
- Known age at death of service personnel.
- Dedicated by
- The person or group who dedicated the plaque and / or the date which the dedication ceremony occured.
If you would like to further your research on a particular serviceman or woman, information may be available from the following online resources:
For further information contact the Honour Avenues Group.
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Requests for further authorisation should be made in writing to:
Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority
Kings Park and Botanic Garden
Kings Park WA 6005
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