Nyoongar Words and Definitions
For thousands of years Aboriginal people have been visiting Mooro Katta or Kaarta Gar-up, two of the many names for Mount Eliza, the highest point of Kings Park.
Nyoongar is the generic term for Indigenous people of the southwest of Western Australia. The area at the base of Kings Park, known as Goonininup, was an important ceremonial and dreaming area for Aboriginal males.
Did you know there are over 14 dialects through Nyoongar country or that many Perth suburbs are named after Nyoongar words? Balcatta, Gwelup, Innaloo, Karrinyup, Mundaring, Yanchep... just to name a few!
- (bal-gah) native grass tree, Xanthorrea preissii
- (baar-dee) witchetty grub
- (bee-du-wong) meeting place
- (beel-i-yar) traditional name for the Swan River
- (bib-ool) native Paperbark tree with many uses
- (bi-rok) Aboriginal season of the young in December and January
- (bi-di) trail
- (bu-dj-ah) the land
- Boodja Gnarning
- (bu-dj-ah nar-ning) food from the land
- (boi-er) Woolly Bush, Adenanthos sericeus
- (bu-noo-roo) Aboriginal season of the adolescence in February and March
- (chune-yart) twenty-eight parrot
- (cool-a-mons) bowl
- (ker-rob-o-ree) traditional dance
- Derbal Yargan
- (der-bul yeri-gun) Swan River
- (ji-run) Aboriginal season of adulthood in April and May
- (jil-bah) Aboriginal season of conception in August and September
- (jer-i-gee) Zamia, Macrozamia fraseri
- Djitti djitti
- (jitty-jitty) Willie wagtail, Rhipidura leucophrys
- (doe-whack) clubs
- Gija Jumulu
- (gi-dja joo-ma-loo) boab from the Gija people in the Kimberley region
- (gid-gee) spear points
- (goo-mahl) Common Brushtail Possum, Trichosurus vulpecula
- (gu-nin-in-up) fresh water spring at the base of Mt Eliza
- (jah-ruh) Eucalyptus marginata
- Kaarta Gar-up
- (car-tah-gaar-up) traditional name for the distinctive cliff/scarp around Kings Park
- Kaarta Koomba
- (car-tah-kum-bah) traditional name for Kings Park; Kaarta meaning hill or headland and Koomba meaning big
- (cam-bah-rang) Aboriginal season of birth in October and November
- (car-duh) Gould's Monitor Lizard, Varanus gouldii
- (ka-ree) Eucalyptus diversicolor
- (car-lah) fire, campfire
- (cad-itch) your knowledge
- (cut-a-gin) knowledge, traditional knowledge handed down from one generation to the next
- (k-each) spear
- (ker-bin) Coastal Sword Sedge, Lepidosperma gladiatum
- (cod-jah) traditional axe made from stone and wood
- Koora Koora
- (coo-rah) long time ago, the past
- (con-dill) native Sheoak tree, Allocasuarina fraseriana, good for making kylee (boomerangs).
- (coo-lah) Native Plum, Podocarpus drouyianus
- (koo-ya-mull-up) place of frogs and Men's area
- (cool-bar-dee) Magpie, Gymnorhina tibiceri
- (koo-lun-gah) children
- Kulunga Katitjin
- (koo-lun-gah kat-i-jin) children's learning
- (kwon-at) Black Wattle, Acacia saligna
- (keer-lee) boomerang
- Maarm (Maam)
- (maarm) man/men
- (ma-koo-roo) Aboriginal season of fertility in June and July
- (m-a-ree) the red gum, Medicine Tree, Corymbia calophylla
- (my-yat) red gum from the Marri tree, used to help cuts heal
- (mih-ro) spear thrower
- (my-yah, my-yah) traditional temporary huts
- (moo-nah) Rottnest Island Tea Tree, Melaleuca lanceolata
- Moora Katta
- (mur-ah-cart-ah) the place that we now know as Kings Park
- (mud-jah) Christmas Tree, Nuytsia floribunda
- (mun-gitch) Banksia, Torchlight tree
- (go-lark) White-tailed Black Cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus latirostris
- (nyoo-ngah) first people from south-west Western Australia
- (pool-gah-la) Bull Banksia (Banksia grandis)
- (tea -gull) duck *also Yeaderup
- (tew-art) native Eucalypt tree used for making tools and other implements
- (ill-a-rac) Sandalwood, Santalum spicatum
- Warrdong (Wardong)
- (wor-dong) crow, Australian Raven, Corvus coronoides
- Wadjuk Nyoongar
- (wod-juck, nyoong-ar) (also spelt Whadjuk) Nyoongar group from Perth and surrounding regions
- (waytch) emu
- (won-doo) Eucalyptus wandoo
- (won-dew) welcome
- Wanna borna
- (woh-nah bor-na) digging stick
- (wah-gool) rainbow serpent from the dreamtime
- Wonil (Wonnil)
- (wun-ill) Peppermint Tree, Agonis flexuosa, native to the Swan Coastal Plain
- (woo-unga) Wattle, Acacia
- (yee-der-up) duck *also Teagul
- Yonga (Yongar)
- (yon-gah) kangaroo
- Yonga Booka
- (yong-gah book-a) kangaroo skin cloak
- Yonga Waarnginy
- (yong-gah ) Kangaroo Story
- (yon-grah) kangaroos
- (yor-gah) woman
- (yor-grah) women
- Yorkas Nyinning
- (yor-kis nin-ing) place of rest for women
The Western Australian Government is committed to quality service to its customers and seeks to ensure accuracy, currency and reliability of information and transactions provided over the Internet but this cannot be guaranteed. Accordingly to the fullest extent permitted by law, the State of Western Australia and its officers and employees are released from liability (including in respect of negligence) for any loss, damage, cost and expense caused by use of or reliance on this website and the information contained on it.
This website is designed to be as accessible to as many people as possible and aims to meet Level AA compliance of the World Wide Web Consortium's Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0. We recognise that achieving a truly accessible service is a continuing journey for websites. We regularly review the website and encourage feedback on ways to improve the design and content that ensures an effective end user experience for all.
- Limited access to Naturescape creek
- November 2018
- Snapshot of our busy year
- Students thank Fugro!
- Kings Park Festival
- October 2018
- Orchid Conservation
- Traditional start for new project
- Flowers in Focus winners
- Heatwave research released
- September 2018
- Premier’s Science Award Winners
- Boorna Waanginy returns
- Kings Park's Artist in Residence
- Welcome to Alan Barrett
- Tiles Homepage
- Venues and Facilities
- Things to do
- May Drive Parkland
- Lotterywest Family Area
- Stickybeaks Cafe
- Lotterywest Federation Walkway
- Venues and Facilities
- Fraser Avenue Precinct
- Hire Venues
- Kings Park Bushland Tracks
- WA Botanic Garden
- Transport options
- Aspects of Kings Park
- Kings Park Parking
The Honour Avenues plaques database contains records of plaques that honour fallen service personnel killed during war service. They are located on May Drive, Lovekin Drive and Marri Walk in Kings Park. Plaques located elsewhere in Kings Park, such as along Fraser Avenue, are not included here.
The following tips and disclaimers aim to help you in navigating the database and getting the best search results.
Please be mindful that:
- The database represents current plaque information and is kindly provided to the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority with permission from the Honour Avenues Group. Extensive research occurred at the time of each dedication. It may not correspond exactly with other sources presently available. Discrepancies will be highlighted and may be amended in due course.
- Plaque locations are subject to movement, generally to place relatives or 'brothers-in-arms' together. GPS locations are accurate within approximately 10m.
- Plaques are sometimes removed for maintenance purposes. Please contact the Honour Avenues Group if you cannot locate the plaque you are seeking.
- The database will be regularly updated over time and only records accessed via this website should be considered an accurate representation of the Kings Park Honour Avenue plaques.
To search for a person, enter text in the search field such as surname, first name, service number or plaque number. Search results are sorted by surname in alphabetical order. Searching by service number or plaque number will return exact match records only.
Additional search tools are available to narrow your search, including rank, unit and cause of death. Once you have narrowed your search, each listing provides further details including plaque image and location.
Google streetview provides the opportunity to view most plaques in situ.
To find your way to the plaque enter the origin address in the 'Get directions' field. Get directions from your current location by clicking on the red marker on the map to take you to Google Maps (location services must be enabled on your device).
The Kings Park Honour Avenues location map may also be useful in finding your way, noting that the map offers broad locations only that are subject to change.
- Last known rank of each person. The column may contain appointments and ranks depending on the information historically available. Abbreviations used by the Honour Avenues Group are expanded by tooltip and within individual records. Appointment is defined as a title, designation or name given to Army personnel to describe their position or function other than their rank, e.g. Appointment: CQMS (Company Quarter Master Sergeant); Rank: WO2 (Warrant Officer Class 2).
- Names of service personnel, provided in the format of 'Surname, First name (Also known as)'.
- Service number
- Known military service numbers for service personnel. Officers who do not have service numbers are simply tagged as 'Officer'.
- Last known unit of each person. Abbreviations used by the Honour Avenues Group are expanded by tooltip and within individual records.
- Cause of death
- Known cause of death is provided and follows these broad military definitions:
- Died of Illness (DOIL) - Died from an illness, other than physical injury or wounds, contracted while on war service.
- Died of Injuries (DOIN) - Died from physical injury, other than illness or battle wounds, sustained while on war service.
- Died of Wounds (DOW) - Died subsequently from the result of wounds received while in action with the enemy.
- Died as Prisoner of War (DPOW) - Died while held by the enemy in captivity.
- Killed in Action (KIA) - Killed while in direct action with the enemy.
- Killed on Service (KOS) - Killed while in an operational area but not in direct action with the enemy.
- Place of death
- Known place of death of service personnel, where location names follow current country boundaries.
- Date of death
- Known date of death of service personnel.
- Known age at death of service personnel.
- Plaque number
- A number issued by the Honour Avenues Group for maintenance purposes. The letters at the beginning indicate the location of the plaque; 'M' refers to May Drive, 'L' refers to Lovekin Drive and 'MW' refers to Marri Walk. An A or B after the number, e.g. L92A, indicates that two or more plaques are co-located at the same tree; this indicates that a relationship exists between the service personnel, either as a relative or 'brothers-in-arms'. A location marker symbol next to the plaque number indicates that a GPS location is available for the plaque; plaques that have been temporarily removed will not have a location marker.
- Dedicated by
- The person or group who dedicated the plaque and / or the date which the dedication ceremony occured.
Biographies are provided for some of the service personnel based on records held and maintained by the Honour Avenues Group. If you would like to further your research on a particular serviceman or woman, information may be available from the following online resources:
For further information contact the Honour Avenues Group.
This website privacy statement applies to the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority website (bgpa.wa.gov.au), managed by the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority in Perth, Western Australia. When you follow a link from this website to another site, we recommend you read and consider the privacy statement of that site.
Unless otherwise stated, copyright in all materials on this website is the property of the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority and Government of Western Australia.
In addition to any fair dealings permitted under the provisions of the Copyright Act 1968, material on this website may be reproduced or communicated to the public for research, study and private non-commercial use provided that the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority is acknowledged as the copyright owner and the material is not altered. You may not deal with the material in a manner that might mislead or deceive any person.
Requests for further authorisation should be made in writing to:
Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority
Kings Park and Botanic Garden
Kings Park WA 6005